Friday, October 19, 2018

Sea Save Foundation "Ocean Week in Review" October 19, 2018: We Gather News; You Stay Informed

Sea Save will Fight for More Shark Protection - CITES 2019, Climate Change Could Double Beer Prices, World's Longest Vessel to be a Fish Farm, Hurricane Michael Threatens Sea Turtle Populations And More...


1. More Shark, Ray Species Could Gain Protections CITES 2019

Currently, twenty commonly traded shark and ray species are listed on CITES Appendix II, but the Sea Save Foundation team is headed to Sri Lanka to fight to protect more. Giant guitarfish, blackchin guitarfish, sharpnose guitarfish and all members of that rest of the family Glaugostegidae as "look-alike" species. Also being considered are wedgefish (Rhynchobatus australiae and Rhynchobatus djiddensis) and the rest of the family, Rhinidae, as look-alike species on Appendix II. Mexico will submit a proposal to consider hortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus), with the longfin mako (Isurus paucus) protected as a look-alike species  

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2. Trump Signs Save our Seas Act into Law

President Donald Trump recently signed into law a bill that lawmakers have called a point of unity among Republicans and Democrats. The Ketchikan Daily News reports the Save our Seas Act, which Trump signed Thursday, reauthorizes the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Marine Debris Program through 2022. The program works to reduce debris through research, prevention, and reduction. The Save our Seas legislation keeps the program going by continuing to authorize $10 million per year for the next five years. The bill also encourages the executive branch to reach out and engage the leaders of countries - located primarily in Asia - that are responsible for much of the sea pollution found around the planet’s oceans.

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3. Heat and Drought Could Threaten World Beer Supply


If horrific hurricanes and a new, scarier-than-ever United Nations report don’t change attitudes on climate change, perhaps a new report on barley will. A small international team of scientists considered what the effect of climate change would be for this crop in the next 80 years, and they are raising an alarm they hope will pierce the din of political posturing. They are predicting a beer shortage. In a report in Nature Plants, researchers in China, Britain and the United States say that by the end of the century, drought and heat could hurt barley crops enough to cause intense pain to beer drinkers.

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4. In 2020, the World's Longest Vessel Will Be a Fish Farm

Norwegian aquaculture company Nordlaks is building what may well become the world's largest vessel by length, a gigantic moored fish farm platform dubbed Havfarm1. In February, Nordlaks signed a contract with Chinese yard CIMC Raffles to build the semi-catamaran design at its yard in Shandong Province. Its hull measures 430 meters long, enough to make it the longest vessel in the world (though not the longest self-propelled vessel). According to Nordlaks spokesman Lars Fredrik Martinussen, the firm is on track to begin operations with Havfarm in the second quarter of 2020.

 Read more from The Marine Executive
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5. Atlantic Salmon Production Reaches Record High in Scotland

The production of Atlantic salmon in Scottish fish farms rose to a record high last year, according to new figures. The Scottish Fish Farm Production Survey 2017 was published by Marine Scotland Science.It said 189,707 tonnes of Atlantic salmon was produced last year, an increase of 16.5% on the previous year. The report also suggested the value of salmon produced across Scotland had risen above £1bn for the first time. The figure represented a 37% increase on the previous year.

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6. Aggressive, Territorial Fish can Help Boost Coral Reef Recovery

Coral reefs around the world have been experiencing mass bleaching events and are dying off at an unprecedented rate. Famously, the Great Barrier Reef experienced catastrophic back to back bleaching events in 2016 and 2017. Scientists are now working to predict how the world’s corals will respond to warming ocean temperatures caused by climate change. While the future doesn’t look promising, research has shown that corals can adapt to environmental changes and recover.  ear.

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7. Protecting Our Ocean Through the UN Convention on Biological Diversity


In 1993, the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) entered into force, ushering in a new era of global conservation. Recognizing the critical links between natural resources and countries’ development, the agreement aims to maintain the diversity of the world’s species and ecosystems and ensure that commercial and other use of genetic resources is fair, equitable, and sustainable. Since 2011, parties to the agreement have worked toward a set of actions known as the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, which provide a framework for international conservation efforts.

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8. With Right Whales at Risk of Extinction, Regulators Consider Drastic Action that Could Affect Lobstermen

With North Atlantic right whales increasingly at risk of extinction, federal regulators are considering drastic protection measures that could have sweeping consequences for the region’s lucrative lobster industry. The species is in dangerous decline, with a record 17 right whale deaths and no recorded births last year, and entanglements in fishing gear are believed to be the leading cause of premature deaths. Three have died in US waters this year, including one 35-foot-long whale found Sunday about 100 miles east of Nantucket, federal officials said.
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9. Plastic Pollution Found on Shipwrecks Pose Threat to Fish 

Plastic pollution has been found on historical shipwrecks in coastal waters. Divers from the Marine Archaeology Sea Trust found a "surprisingly large quantity" of rubbish on HMS Invincible's wreck site in Portsmouth Harbour. Kevin Stratford, from the trust, said such wrecks, proud of the seabed, act as "accumulation points" for rubbish. He said it could potentially affect the aquatic wildlife colonizing wrecks. This is especially dangerous because shipwrecks have become new gathering places for fish and the fact that plastic is accumulating there also could increase the concentration of plastics being incorporated into the tissue of these fish. 

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10. Rescuing Sea Turtles From Fishermen’s Nets
The young hawksbill turtle was accidentally caught in a net in the Indian Ocean off Kenya’s coast. The fisherman called Local Ocean Conservation, a nonprofit based in the town of Watamu that is the only turtle rescue and rehabilitation center on the East African seaboard. The hawksbill, critically endangered in this region, was a mere seven pounds; adults can weigh up to 160 pounds.

Read more from The New York Times
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11. After Hurricane, Fate of Sea Turtle Nests Uncertain on Florida Coast

When Hurricane Michael struck Florida’s Panhandle, it swept away nests of threatened baby loggerhead sea turtles hatching along its sandy beaches, already damaged by previous storms and erosion. Scalloped sand has replaced dunes that have been washed away in Alligator Point, one of the most prolific areas for sea turtle nests in Franklin County and the state. “Our dunes were about 8 feet (2.44 meters) high and they’re all gone,” said Allan Feifer, 61, a Franklin County emergency management official, who lives in Bald Point, which was battered by 11.5-foot (3.50-meter) storm surge.
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12. As Sea Ice Melts, some say Walruses Need Better Protection


Given a choice between giving birth on land or sea ice, Pacific walrus mothers most often choose ice. Likewise, they prefer sea ice for molting, mating, nursing and resting between dives for food. Trouble is, as the century progresses, there’s going to be far less ice around. How well walruses cope with less sea ice is at the heart of a legal fight over whether walruses should be listed as a threatened species, giving them an added protection against human encroachments. The federal government in 2008 listed polar bears as a threatened species because of diminished sea ice brought on by climate warming. That year the Center for Biological Diversity petitioned to do the same for walruses.

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13.  Seals Listed Critically Endangered in Iceland

The spotted seal is critically endangered in Iceland, according to the Icelandic Institute of Natural History’s newest Red List. RÚV reported first. Spotted seals numbered 7,600 in 2016, down from around 33,000 when monitoring of their stocks began in 1980. The animals’ numbers thus decreased around 77% over the 35-year period. If seal numbers continue to decrease at the same rate, they will decrease by 84% over the next 45 years, a time period of three generations for the animals.

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14.  A Baby Orca's Death, a Mother's Grief and a State's Call to Action

The gut punches came in quick succession this summer in the Pacific Northwest, a place where it seems like everyone is, or knows, a killer whale fan. First, video crews captured an orca known as J35 carrying and coaxing her stillborn calf for 17 anguishing days, a mother seemingly unwilling to accept her child’s death. A few weeks later, a rambunctious young orca — known for her frequent breaching in Puget Sound — went missing. The whale nicknamed Scarlet was soon declared dead, at just 4 years old.

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15.  Tasmania Penguin Deaths: Dozens Killed in Suspected Dog Attack

Wildlife officials are investigating a suspected dog attack in Tasmania, after 58 penguins were found mauled to death. A member of the public alerted rangers to the dozens of penguin bodies strewn across a beach on the north coast of Australia's island state. This is the second dog attack in months on the little penguins - the smallest penguin species - according to reports. Authorities said dog owners must take responsibility for their pets and earlier warned of hefty fines.

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16.  World Heritage Sites Threatened by Sea Level Rise

From Venice and the tower of Pisa to the medieval city of Rhodes, dozens of UNESCO World Heritage sites in the Mediterranean basin are deeply threatened by rising sea levels, researchers warned Tuesday. All but two of 49 UN-recognised icons of human civilization rimming the Mediterranean Sea risk being damaged by the rising watermark, soil erosion, or both, with few options for protecting most of them, they reported in the scientific journal Nature Communications. Venice and its lagoon, the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia, and Ferrera, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta, all hit the top of a risk scale devised for the study.

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17. Trump: My ‘Natural Instinct for Science’ Tells Me Climate Science Is Wrong

Earlier this month, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which encompasses the consensus finding of climate scientists worldwide, issued a report warning that the effects of climate change may become irreversible by 2040. But since this conclusion implies the need for government action of some kind, and thus threatens a core tenet of conservative movement theology, Republicans ignore or dismiss the findings.

Critical Statement: “My uncle was a great professor at MIT for many years. Dr. John Trump,” he said. “And I didn’t talk to him about this particular subject, but I have a natural instinct for science, and I will say that you have scientists on both sides of the picture.”

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Be sure to "LIKE" http://facebook.com/SeaSave to ensure our "Week in Review" is delivered to your newsfeed every Friday. 

Sea Save Foundation is committed to raising awareness of marine conservation. The Week in Review is a team effort produced by the Sea Save staff to provide a weekly summary of the latest in marine research, policy, and news

Friday, October 12, 2018

Sea Save Foundation "Ocean Week in Review" October 12, 2018: We Gather News; You Stay Informed

Hurricane Michael and Climate Change, United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change: "We have Twelve Years to Act", Top Brands Contributing to Plastic Pollution, Dwindling Seahorse Populations, Silky Sharks Poached in the Philippines And More...



1. Hurricanes and Climate-Change. Yes, They are Linked.

Scientists are increasingly confident of the link between climate change and hurricanes. In a warming world, they say, hurricanes will be stronger, for a simple reason: Warmer water provides more energy that feeds them. Hurricanes and other extreme storms will also be wetter, for a simple reason: Warmer air holds more moisture. And, storm surges from hurricanes will be worse, for a simple reason that has nothing to do with the storms themselves: Sea levels are rising. 
Andreas Kluth, from Handelsblatt Global, states "Hurricane Michael is also part of the biggest global story of our time: climate change. The local is global and the global is local. So says the new report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, part of the United Nations. If you find yourself, say, in the northern German city of Cuxhaven, the report means that your town will in one lifetime be underwater. The 91 scientists of the IPCC once again reminded us that climate change is the biggest threat we face as a species."


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2. We Have Twelve Years to Limit Climate Change Catastrophe, Warns United Nations

The world’s leading climate scientists have warned that we only have a dozen years for global warming to be kept to a maximum of 1.5 C, beyond which even half a degree will significantly worsen the risks of drought, floods, extreme heat and poverty for hundreds of millions of people. The authors of the landmark report by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released on Monday say urgent and unprecedented changes are needed to reach the target, which they say is affordable and feasible although it lies at the most ambitious end of the Paris agreement pledge to keep temperatures between 1.5 C and 2 C.

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3. One Day After Catastrophic United Nations Climate Report, Trump Removes Restrictions on Ethanol Gasoline

President Trump announced during a political rally in Iowa Tuesday that his administration will allow year-round sales of gasoline with higher blends of ethanol, a perk for farmers worried about Trump’s trade wars and a setback for those concerned about the effects of ethanol on the environment. The move would come one day after an alarming report from the United Nations that said a rise in global temperatures above 1.5 degrees Celsius—which could come as early as 2030—could cause catastrophic damage unless “rapid and unprecedented” changes in energy use is made before then.

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4. United Nations Warns Paradigm Shift Needed to Avert Global Climate Chaos

Avoiding global climate chaos will require a major transformation of society and the world economy that is "unprecedented in scale," the UN said Monday in a landmark report that warns time is running out to avert disaster. Earth's surface has warmed one degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit)—enough to lift oceans and unleash a crescendo of deadly storms, floods and droughts—and is on track toward an unliveable 3C or 4C rise. At current levels of greenhouse gas emissions, we could pass the 1.5 C marker as early as 2030, and no later than mid-century, the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) reported with "high confidence".

 Read more...
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5. Coca Cola, Pepsi, Nestle Top Ocean Polluters: Report On Plastic Pollution


Coca-Cola, Pepsi, and Nestle are among the companies that contribute most to ocean pollution with single-use plastics, according to a study presented on Tuesday by the "Break Free from Plastic" initiative. The environmental movement, launched in 2016, has helped clear the coasts of 42 countries around the world of discarded plastics. "These brand audits offer undeniable proof of the role that corporations play in perpetuating the global plastic pollution crisis," said Von Hernandez, the Global Coordinator of Break Free From Plastic, at the presentation of the study in Manila.

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6. British Seahorses Dying Out at Due to Boats Damaging Breeding Habitat


Native seahorses have all but disappeared from a popular British seaside spot because pleasure boats' anchors keep churning up their breeding grounds.
The bay in Dorset is the only place where both species of the sea creatures - the spiny and short-snouted varieties - found in our waters have been recorded together.
A conservation charity has found just one dead spiny seahorse in the bay this year however, an alarming drop from 10 years ago when 40 were recorded. 
Read more...    
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7. Australia’s Other Great (and Threatened) Coral Reefs


The United Nations issued a dire alert on Monday, warning that many of the world’s coral reefs could die as soon as 2040 as a result of climate change. Already, warming waters have bleached more than two-thirds of the coral in the Great Barrier Reef, the world’s largest coral reef ecosystem, which covers more than 130,000 square miles and is visible from space. But the Great Barrier Reef, despite its status, is not the only unique or threatened marine ecosystem in Australia.

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8. Animals trapped in Nets in Australia May Soon be Off Limits to Photographers

Extraordinary photographs that revealed a baby humpback whale caught in a shark net on the Gold Coast could not have been taken under new laws proposed by the Queensland government, two environmental groups have said. State Labor government proposal to create new exclusion zones of 20 metres around shark control equipment effectively created a “shark gag law”, because it would make photography of drumlines and shark nets almost impossible.
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9. Police Arrest Three Shark Poachers in Palawan, Philippines

Maritime police in Palawan arrested three poachers of endangered marine species. Greg Togonon, of Unit-Maritime Group, reported that three local fishermen were detained after being caught with endangered silky sharks (Carcharhinus falciformis)Togonon said the silky shark is identified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as a “near threatened” species worldwide and is listed on CITES' Appendix II.

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10. Global Sea Level could rise 15 Meters by 2300

Global average sea-level could rise by nearly 8 feet (2.5 meters) by 2100 and 50 feet (15 meters) by 2300 if greenhouse gas emissions remain high and humanity proves unlucky, according to a review of sea-level change and projections by Rutgers and other scientists. Since the start of the century, global average sea-level has risen by about 0.2 feet (0.06 m). Under moderate emissions, central estimates of global average sea-level from different analyses range from 1.4 to 2.8 more feet (0.43 - 0.85 m) by 2100, 2.8 to 5.4 more feet (0.85 - 1.65 m) by 2150 and 6 to 14 feet (1.8 - 4.3 m) by 2300, according to the study, published in Annual Review of Environment and Resources.

Read more...
and 
Read the study here...  
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11. Reaching International Climate Change Goals can Halve Rising Sea Levels by the End of the Century

Research by scientists at the University of Southampton has revealed the extent by which achieving the ambitions the 2015 Paris Climate Change agreement could protect coastal communities from rising sea levels. A new special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels is being published today by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and heavily draws on five pieces of research by the University of Southampton team. The University's studies indicated that measures to limit global warming to 1.5°C could halve the amount by which sea levels rise by the end of the century, reducing it to 40cm as opposed to 78cm if no action to mitigate for climate change is taken. If global warming is kept to 2.0°C, sea-levels are projected to rise by 46cm.
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12. Plastic Waste Increases Tenfold within a Decade on Remote, Southern Atlantic Islands

Humanity's penchant for single-use plastics is beginning to manifest in some truly ugly ways. As we start to really get a grasp on the magnitude of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, elsewhere in the ocean plastic waste is mounting on the shores of some of the most remote islands, with a new study revealing the true extent of the mess and the threat it poses to local species.

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13.  Incredible 'Lost World' of Underwater Volcanoes Discovered Deep in The Ocean

Hidden below the waves off the east coast of Australia, scientists have discovered a 'lost world' of epic volcanic peaks buried under the Tasman Sea, never before seen with human eyes. This range of volcanic seamounts - underwater mountains formed by ancient, extinct volcanoes - towers some 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) above the ocean floor. Despite the immense height, it has never been previously detected, since even the highest peaks are concealed 2 km (1.2 miles) below the surface of the South Pacific.

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Be sure to "LIKE" http://facebook.com/SeaSave to ensure our "Week in Review" is delivered to your newsfeed every Friday. 

Sea Save Foundation is committed to raising awareness of marine conservation. The Week in Review is a team effort produced by the Sea Save staff to provide a weekly summary of the latest in marine research, policy, and news