Saturday, June 17, 2017

The Impact of Losing Green Climate Fund, Hash Weather Patterns Interrupt Climate Study and More

1. The International Impact of Losing the Green Climate Fund

smoke stacks, green climate fund
June 13-15 was Capitol Hill Ocean Week (CHOW) and Sea Save was present.  In related news, Trump has pulled the U.S. out of pledging $2 billion for the international Green Climate Fund. The GCF was “created in advance of the Paris Agreement to support projects to address climate change in the developing world.”  Developing countries such as Chile are impacted, and could have used the U.S. funding to further cut down carbon emissions.
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2. 1,300 Pledged Actions for Protecting the Blue!


fishing boat, Kenya, Mombasa, Indian OceanThe UN Ocean Conference in New York (which Sea Save Foundation was a part of) got 1,300 voluntary pledged actions for protecting our oceans.  “The bar has been raised on global consciousness and awareness of the problem in the oceans,” the President of the UN General Assembly, Peter Thomson said.
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3. Inclimate Weather Cuts Climate Study Short

BAYSYS, climate change, climate change study, Arctic ice, Arctic icebergs

A major climate change study, BAYSYS, was cut short due to icebergs floating south from the Arctic to where their icebreakers were in Newfoundland.  The icebreaker boats were trapped and the $11 million study had to be canceled.  The second leg of the study will be in July.
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4. Will Dolphins Pay the Price for Hong Kong’s Airports?

Chinese white dolphin, Hong Kong, dolphins

The Chinese white dolphin, the mascot of China’s handover of Hong Kong in 1997, is in danger from an expansion of Hong Kong’s airport.  The $18 billion project will add a third runway and started last summer.  It is scheduled to take eight years.  “A marine park should be created nearby after the runway is completed, around 2023, to compensate for the planned destruction of an area of dolphin habitat roughly twice the size of Central Park in New York City.”
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5. The Dying Salton Sea

Salton Sea, Salton Sea drying up

The Salton Sea is California’s largest lake, and is drying up.  Water has been diverted from it to go to San Diego County and Coachella Valley cities.  Less birds are now found there, and the fish will soon die from the increased salinity.  The dry lakebed spews up dust and is causing childhood asthma rates to go up in nearby communities.




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6. A Breakthrough for Coral Reef Restoration



Humans have lost 25 to 40 percent of the world’s coral reefs in recent decades due to seawater temperature rise and ocean acidification. Dr. Vaughan has developed a technique called “microfragmenting” that allows corals to grow more than 25 times faster than normal. (Watch video)
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7. Inside the Multimillion-Dollar World of Eel Trafficking


freshwater eels, eelsYoung “glass eels” are shipped to Asia from places like Maine in the U.S. In Asia, the young eels are fattened up on aquaculture farms before being turned into food.  This is a multimillion dollar industry and would-be entrepreneurs are increasingly turning to illegal means of laundering and trafficking the valuable eels.
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Be sure to "LIKE" http://facebook.com/SeaSave to ensure our "Week in Review" is delivered to your newsfeed every Friday. 

Sea Save Foundation is committed to raising awareness of marine conservation. The Week in Review is a team effort produced by the Sea Save staff to provide a weekly summary of the latest in marine research, policy, and news.

Wednesday, June 7, 2017

A Retrospective: Constructing a Framework for a Sustainable Future Continues at The United Nations: Ocean Conference



by Georgienne Bradley and Abhi Iyer

The ultimate test of man’s conscience may be his willingness to sacrifice something today for future generations whose words of thanks will not be heard.”
- Gaylord Nelson

Dateline: June 7, 2017
Spirits at the United Nations: Ocean Conference are high this week.  We originally entered the building and the emblematic General Assembly room tenuously.  The United States had just withdrawn from an agreement made in Paris at a similar UN Conference.  How would the international community react?  Could the United States delegation participate effectively?  Would concerns that future agreements might be broken overshadow all discussions and undermine the meeting?

These concerns were quickly resolved.  There seems to be an unspoken understanding that to successfully protect the oceans we must “double down”. The United States delegates, NGO representatives, and visitors are all talking about cutting edge ways to protect oceans, increase yields and make the human relationship with oceans sustainable and healthy.  But woven through most conversations are also threads of climate change discussion.  Talks about making our deadlines more ambitious fill the halls.  The Green Fund recently de-funded by the Trump administration is not an issue; instead, a Blue Fund is being created.  For people who believe that environmental stability is a critical issue, this is great news.  But to understand the strength of the United Nations: Ocean Conference and from where it gets its teeth, we must understand history.  Why is there an Ocean Conference?  What are we trying to achieve?

The United Nations idealists who believe we can work globally to ensure environmental health have been working on this issue for over four decades. Momentum is increasing as more people join the effort and the cause is backed up with a growing body of more sophisticated science.

A great place to start this story was in 1972 when the global challenges presented at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment were recognized, yet ten years later they remained unaddressed. Still absent was a plan: a development concept that would reconcile economic development and environmental protection.

So in 1983, the United Nations: World Commission on Environment and Development was formed to examine sustainable development.  The official commission definition read, “the organizing principle for meeting human developmental goals while sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depends.”

It took until 1992 for the UN to convene the Conference on Environment and Development dubbed Earth Summit”.  The two big victories realized at this meeting were
o   The creation of “Agenda 21”: a voluntary action plan for United Nations delegates that would culminate in sustainable development and
o Agreement to convene the Climate Change Convention with the objective to stabilize greenhouse gases. This agreement led to the Paris Agreement.


At the 2002 “Earth Summit” (Also known as Rio +10) sustainable development was identified as the most important goal for all national, regional, and international institutions and states.

At the 2012 “Earth Summit” (Also known as Rio +20) the third international conference on sustainable development was hosted.  During this conference, a resolution known as "The Future We Want" was reached. The heads of the 192 governments in attendance renewed their political commitment to sustainable development and their commitment to the promotion of a sustainable future. Key themes of this agreement were poverty eradication, energy, water and sanitation, health, and human settlement.


In 2015 with the dictates of "The Future We Want" completed, the international community set new specific goals: a set of 17 Sustainable Development Global Goals.  The international community agreed to these 17 targets that were reachable and finite.


In 2016 the United Nations met in Paris to discuss how the international community could work together in constructively responding to the scientific evidence that climate change was happening at an escalating and unprecedented rate.  The member countries hammered out The Paris Agreement also known as the Paris Accord.   Every member country signed this agreement except for Nicaragua (as they felt it was not ambitious enough) and Syria.  The United States backed out of their agreement in June 2017 when President Trump cited that the international accord was not fair to the workers of the United States and that the US was carrying too much of the financial burden.


This process has spanned more than four decades. A few steps forward followed by an occasional step back seems to be the current progression; however there is an international energy demonstrated at this conference that has not been seen before. The successes of the 2017 Ocean Conference are promising. People realize that collectively we need to roll up our sleeves, be ambitious and make the health of the Earth a top priority for future generations.

Thursday, June 1, 2017

Trump Pulls Out of Climate Accord, New York, California and Washington State Respond by Launching Independent Alliance

1. Trump Pulls U.S. Out of the Paris Climate Accord

UN climate conference 2015, Paris climate accord, Paris climate agreement, eiffel tower
Trump has pulled the U.S. out of the Paris Climate Accord of 2015.  The process will take place over the next four years and won’t conclude until November 2020.  Trump says “...we will start to renegotiate and we'll see if there's a better deal. If we can, great. If we can't, that's fine." But the “leaders of France, Italy and Germany indicated in a joint statement that the US could not unilaterally renegotiate the agreement.”  Trump is also stopping payments into the United Nations’ Green Climate Fund.
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2. New York Joins California and Washington State in Launching U.S. Climate Alliance

New York mayor Andrew Cuomo, US Climate Alliance

New York state Governor Andrew Cuomo joins California and Washington state governors to launch U.S. Climate Alliance.  Together these states form one-fifth of the Gross Domestic Product of the U.S.  These states have committed to reducing emission levels to 26-28 percent of 2005 levels, and plan to exceed the standards of the Clean Power Plan.  Many cities (61) across the U.S. have committed to uphold the Paris agreement goals.
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3. U.S. Coral Reefs May Disappear Within Decades


coral reef

Scientists are warning that coral reefs in the U.S. may disappear within decades due to climate change.  Coral reefs include those in Hawaii, Florida and in the Caribbean.  “We are looking at the loss or at least severe degradation of most reefs in the the coming decades.” This is due in part to warming sea temperatures that can cause corals to bleach and due to ocean acidification, which cause corals to lose calcium (carbonate ions).
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4. Faceless Fish Found After Not Being Seen for a Century

faceless fish, Typhylonus nasus, deep sea survey

A faceless fish, Typhlonus nasus, a type of cusk eel has been found off of Australia.  It lives between 13,000-16,500 feet below the sea surface.  It hasn’t been seen (or hauled up by a net specifically) in over a century.  Other organisms new to science have been found on this Australian survey to the abyssal plain (deep-sea) as well as an “amazing” quantity of trash.
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5. Record Breaking Tides in Hawaii-a Glimpse Into the Future?

Waikiki Queens Beach, king tides, Hawaii

Hawaii has been inundated with king tides in May, some six to nine inches above prediction levels.  King tides happen a few times a year normally, but scientists are wondering if climate change will make this happen more extremely or more often.  Fish were photographed swimming down streets and beaches have been washed out.




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6. Controversial Iron Dumping Experiment in the Ocean

phytoplankton

The Oceaneos Marine Research Foundation of Vancouver, Canada is seeking to add “10 tonnes of iron particles 130 kilometres off the coast of Coquimbo (Chile) as early as 2018.”  The foundation says that the iron stimulates phytoplankton growth and will ultimately help the Chilean fisheries.  The foundation has ties to an organization that dumped 100 tonnes of iron sulfate into the waters off of British Columbia, Canada in 2012.  There has been no evidence that the experiment worked.
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7. Two Florida Men Arrested With 500 Sea Turtle Eggs


cooler full of sea turtle eggs, loggerhead sea turtle eggsTwo Florida men were arrested with 500 sea turtle eggs, probably loggerheads.  The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission had gotten reports over the past few weeks of possible illegal activity from those who monitor sea turtle nests.  There is a market for the eggs, which some cultures see as an aphrodisiac
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Be sure to "LIKE" http://facebook.com/SeaSave to ensure our "Week in Review" is delivered to your newsfeed every Friday. 

Sea Save Foundation is committed to raising awareness of marine conservation. The Week in Review is a team effort produced by the Sea Save staff to provide a weekly summary of the latest in marine research, policy, and news.

Friday, May 26, 2017

Week in Review: We Still Can Get Ahead of Climate Change, Plastic Clean-up Machine Solution or Red Herring? .. and More

1. Hollywood Weighs in About Climate Change. There Are Options.


“Al Gore believes that Donald Trump will not halt the momentum of the climate movement even if he withdraws the US from the Paris agreement,”  Gore says that states like New York and California are leading the way, as well as Atlanta, Georgia going 100 percent renewable. “The dangers we face from the climate crisis are more severe than what scientists predicted." The primary message of the movie is: We have solutions. We can solve this.
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2. Ocean Plastic Clean-up Machine. Is it Really Working?


Boyan Slat has created, with much fanfare, a machine to clean up the mainly plastic garbage patches in the world’s oceans within five years.  Scientists are skeptical because a working prototype has not been shown.  Also, most plastic is in the form of microplastics throughout the seawater column, and only 1 percent of marine plastic is found near or at the surface.  Plus he doesn’t address the problem of picking up plants and animals along with the plastics.  Most scientists promote the reduction of plastics into the ocean and better packaging designs.
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3. Great White Shark Nursery Newly Confirmed in Baja

juvenile great white shark tagging, white shark tagging
Scientists have confirmed with an eleven-year study that Sebastian Vizcaino Bay in Mexico is an important nursery for white sharks.  It is roughly 400 miles south of San Diego.  Baby great white sharks are found there May through September.  The study results led to Sebastian Vizcaino Bay to be included in a protected area and to a ban on white shark fishing in Mexico.
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4. New Smartphone App Traces Seafood From Ocean to Plate


pesca+sustentavelA new smartphone app traces seafood when it’s caught to when it gets to your plate.  This used in combination with Sea Save Foundation's strategic partner, Monterey Bay Aquarium's Seafood Watch App, is the smart way to consume seafood.  It is estimated that 1 in 5 pieces of seafood is mislabeled. Pesca+Sustent├ível is a project based in Brazil and uses QR codes.  The consumer gets a QR code with their menu and can then open a website to find out where their seafood comes from.
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5. Breakthrough Study: Points to Reasons for Whale Gigantism



blue whale, blue whale engorgedScientists hypothesize why baleen whales (ie blue and humpback whales) evolved to such a large size.  They published in "The Proceedings of the Royal Society" that 4.5 million years ago, a climatic change necessitated binge-eating behavior. Using a phylogenetic macroevolutionary model, they incorporated data that lead them to speculate that size increase via Brownian movement and made this eating behavior more efficient.
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6. Damselfish: Superparents of the Ocean


damselfishA damselfish, Altrichthys alelia, exhibits an unusual spin on parenting. Unlike most fish that 'broadcast' spawn (release eggs and sperm into the seawater to fend for themselves, with a low 1% survival rate) These responsible fish oversee the care of their young until they are better able to fend for themselves.
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Be sure to "LIKE" http://facebook.com/SeaSave to ensure our "Week in Review" is delivered to your newsfeed every Friday. 


Sea Save Foundation is committed to raising awareness of marine conservation. The Week in Review is a team effort produced by the Sea Save staff to provide a weekly summary of the latest in marine research, policy, and news.

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Week in Review: New Offshore Drilling in Atlantic, Four Chinese Airlines Ban Fin Shipments, Deep Cuts to NOAA Budget and More...

1. Offshore Oil Drilling May Start Soon in the Atlantic Ocean


offshore oil drilling rigSeismic surveys in the Atlantic Ocean are being moved forward by the Trump administration.  Seismic surveys use loud airguns to search for oil deposits under the ocean floor.  The sounds can injure or kill wildlife.  Six energy companies are seeking permits, all who had been rejected by the Obama administration.
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2. Four More Chinese Airlines Ban Shark Fin Shipments


shark fins in jars

Joining the 60 worldwide shipping companies that have banned shipments of shark fins are four airlines in China; China Eastern Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, China Cargo Airlines and China United Airlines.  Each year an estimated 73-100 million sharks are caught for their fins.  The only major airline in China not to ban shark fin shipments is Hainan Airlines.
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3. Costa Rican Market Open to Shark Fin Exports?


hammerhead shark with fins cut off, shark finning

Costa Rican conservationists say that an executive decree will open their markets to shark fin (particularly hammerhead) exports.  “The (conservation) groups decried the Costa Rican President’s decree that grants sole mandate to authorize exports to the Costa Rican Fisheries and Aquaculture Institute (Incopesca), saying the agency is controlled by commercial fisheries and fishermen interests.”
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4. 37 Million Pieces of Plastic Found on Remote South Pacific Island


plastic pollution on remote Pacific Island, Henderson IslandHenderson Island, in the South Pacific, is thousands of miles away from any human communities, yet thirty-seven million pieces of plastic were found along its shores.  “It's the highest density of debris reported anywhere in the world, scientists say.”  It is estimated that the plastic trash weighs seventeen tons.  Plastic pollution is a major issue facing our oceans today and finding so much of it on a remote island proves it.
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5. Yellow-eyed Penguins On Verge of Extinction Due to Climate Change

yellow-eyed penguin, penguins

New Zealand’s yellow-eyed penguins could become extinct on their mainland by 2060.  This is due to many factors, including rising sea temperatures which reduce spawning in the fish they eat.  They also get caught as bycatch in fishing nets, have habitat destruction due to humans, and die from unknown toxins.
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6. Steep Budget Cuts Proposed to NOAA



ocean and earth from space, ocean, earthBudget cuts of 17 percent are proposed to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency (NOAA), the leading agency of climate science.  “Research funding, satellite programs, coastal management, estuary reserves and “coastal resilience,” which seeks to bolster the ability of coastal areas to withstand major storms and rising seas” will all be on the chopping block.
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7. Attack the U.S. Shark Fin Trade, Not the Sharks


dried shark fins, shark finningDue to shark finning, many shark populations are down 90 percent worldwide.  Shark finning is banned in U.S. waters, but fins of legally caught sharks can be sold.  Fins can still be imported into certain states.  Congress has introduced the Shark Fin Trade Elimination Act, which would ban the buying and selling of shark fins nationwide.
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8. Leonardo DiCaprio and Mexican President Team Up to Save the Vaquita


vaquita porpoise, vaquita, vaquita marinaThe most endangered marine mammal in the world, the vaquita porpoise, is estimated to have only 30 individuals left in the wild.  Fortunately actor Leonardo DiCaprio and Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto have teamed up to help this animal. In a series of tweets, DiCaprio brought the vaquita issue to his many fans, and in return the President tweeted facts about the vaquita’s plight.
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Be sure to "LIKE" http://facebook.com/SeaSave to ensure our "Week in Review" is delivered to your newsfeed every Friday. 

Sea Save Foundation is committed to raising awareness of marine conservation. The Week in Review is a team effort produced by the Sea Save staff to provide a weekly summary of the latest in marine research, policy, and news.